Among detergents allocated dishwashing detergent. They have a large number of. The main thing for these funds – is the security of their composition, because of the dishes we eat and detergent residues can enter the food. And of course,, their effectiveness in eliminating fat and other contaminants, characteristic Dishwashing. We can wash the dishes by hand or in the dishwasher. For one and the other way has its own special features.
For hand washing:
The liquid / gel - easy to use, It cleans the dishes, even in cold water, it smells good, softens skin. Such detergent economically: a few drops of liquid gives copious lather. However, liquid detergents must be thoroughly washed off from the surface of dishes, to leave no toxic components.
Powder (abrasive) - effective detergent, which is suitable not only for washing dishes, but also for cleaning sinks. In case of contact with skin powder is not absorbed.
The disadvantage of this type of detergent is crumbly, and as a consequence, jam fine particles in the microcracks ware, which hinders their removal when rinsing. The powder itself can also scrape the dishes. Liquid and gel-like tools are well suited for dishes with slight soiling, but for more serious contamination optimal choice would be powdered funds.
Silver or fragile crockery is not desirable to wash the powdered agent, if their packaging is not relevant inscriptions. Cookware made of stainless steel and ceramics are also not tolerate use of powders, they scratch the surface. Optimal variant for glassware - liquid detergents.
When the washing machine can not use funds, intended for hand dishwashing. abundant foam, which gives a "manual" detergent, reduces the efficiency of dishwashers and can cause it to break.
Gel - the safest option. It causes no microcracks, softens water, It does not oxidize metal (including silver). It dissolves quickly, perfect for washing crockery. consumption - 15-33 ml of 1 machine work cycle.
Powder - occurs most often. Advantages and disadvantages of the same, that of the analogues for manual washing. consumption - 25-30 d of 1 machine work cycle.
Pills - the most economical and convenient form of detergent. consumption - 1 tablet 1 machine work cycle. The tablet can be easily divided into 2 or 4 part - it allows you to use it in doses. The tablets may be monolayer (detergent) and multi-layered "Z 1" (detergent + conditioner + softener).
A tablet is not desirable to use at short mode dishwashing, because she did not have time to dissolve completely. It is also worth considering, the tablet is not suitable for very soft or very hard water.
When washing dishes in the machine detergent in addition to, use other additional funds. conditioner – It prevents the appearance of spots on the dishes and its fading due to very hard water, and gives it shine. This means forms on the surface of a thin water-repellent film ware, safe and does not alter the taste of food. Flow conditioner is approximately 0.5-0.7 l 10 cycles. Softener – dissolves harmful substances for dishwashers, thereby prevents scum and calcium salts in its heating elements. Upon completion of the rinse softener is washed away from the surface of dishes. He is filled with detergent. Number softener determined water hardness.
refresh – It eliminates unpleasant odors and gives a pleasant fragrance dishwasher and kitchen utensils. Consumption - about 60 cycles.
Means perfumed – моющие средства помогают избавиться от неприятного запаха и придают свежесть вымытой посуде. Flavors may be either synthetic, and natural.
Smells differ in degree of intensity - this is especially important for people, allergies. Most funds have a pungent odor, on the package marked "Freshness". Less intense flavor from lemon and other citrus fragrances. Further there are fruit and berry flavors. The easiest smell of funds with the scent of "Aloe". It is relatively neutral apple flavoring.
It is not necessary to acquire the means with a pronounced odor, because these flavors are rarely safe.
Tools for children's tableware: detergents should be safe (does not contain harmful substances), anallergic, have no smell, well washed off in the cold and hot water. Important, so that the detergent can be used for various children's ware (cups, plates, plastic bottles, silicone nipple). Best Mode - organic agents.
The main ingredient of these detergents are surfactants (surfactants), which ensure removal of contaminants from the surface. However, they have a negative impact on the human body, including contribute to premature skin aging, increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes, cause allergies.
Surfactants there are four kinds of: Anionnыe – cheap and effective, but the most dangerous for the health of surfactants. They can accumulate in the body and cause various diseases, eg, roasted, hearts, kidney. cationic – less toxic and have bactericidal properties, but worse to cope with pollution. ampholytic – may affect the body as cationic or anionic surfactants, depending on the environment (the acidity or alkalinity). nonionic (nonionic) – safest substances, as completely decomposed while washing dishes.
To reduce the negative impact of surfactants (first of all, anionnыh), better to choose the means, that their content does not exceed 5%.
Foaming depends on the amount of surfactants therein: better foaming cleanser, the more it these substances.
Further surfactants in the present inorganic detergents and other harmful substances, such as, phosphate, chlorine, alkalis, triclosan.
Inorganic detergents can be divided into two groups. alkalescent – They contain enzymes, and are ideal for dishes, require a gentle cleaning. They are used to remove light impurities at low temperature (45-55 °C).
highly alkaline – soderjat phosphate, natrïevıe carbonate, silicates, bleaches and effectively cope with complex pollution. In the same time, they contribute to the occurrence of corrosion and skin irritation.
Features of certain substances, included in the inorganic detergent.
phosphate – toxic substances, promoting penetration A surfactant through the skin into the human body. Contribute to the occurrence of malignant tumors.
Chlorine – capable of removing very complex pollution. It is well whitens dishes, but for dangerous metal, thin and fragile glassware (myelikhior, silver, stainless steel, ceramics, eggshell china, crystal, utensils with hand-painted). Also, chlorine can cause anemia, atherosclerosis, the destruction of the structure of hair and other diseases.
triclosan – It has a strong antibacterial action. In this case, the bacteria are killed and helpful. Triclosan is badly washed off from the dishes and ingested, causing dysbiosis and allergy.
Otduşkand and enzymes – can cause allergies, respiratory tract irritation, have a negative impact on the hormonal system.
The basis of these detergents comprise substances of vegetable origin, completely decomposed in the process of dishwashing. Organic means safe for health. They are not corrosive to the skin, completely washed away from the surface of cookware, anallergic.
Organic agents are usually more concentrated, allowing economical use of their. They are more expensive, than inorganic analogs. In the organic means no surfactants, phosphate, artificial colors and flavors. The essential oils are used as additives, citrus extracts, alcohol, lemon acid, aloe vera, vinegar and other natural ingredients.
Organic detergents should have a special marking on the packaging, eg, "ECO-Garant».
Usually, liquid detergents are packaged in containers of plastic - transparent or non-transparent. It is better to choose a transparent package, allowing to assess the quantity and quality (density, Colour, наличие или отсутствие осадка на дне) моющего средства.
Пластиковый флакон часто оснащается дозатором для экономичного использования средства. Сам дозатор выполняется в виде выдвигающегося колпачка или открывающейся крышки. Емкость с колпачком труднее открыть – такой вариант более безопасен, если в доме есть маленькие дети.
Порошки фасуются в цилиндрические емкости, крышка которых имеет несколько больших или маленьких дырочек. Лучше остановить свой выбор на крышке с маленькими отверстиями: они позволяют судить о количестве моющего средства во флаконе и не допускают высыпание излишнего количества порошка при неосторожном движении.
Емкость для моющих средств имеет углубления по бокам, позволяющие ее надежно держать жирными или мокрыми руками. Чаще всего встречаются емкости объемом 500 мл.
На упаковке должна быть представлена информация о моющем средстве (состав, способ применения, меры безопасности). Выбирая средство для мытья, стоит внимательно изучить его состав. Это поможет выбрать самый безопасный препарат.
To protect your hands should wear rubber gloves when washing dishes.
To get rid of hazardous substances, remaining on the dishes after the application of liquid detergents, it must be thoroughly rinsed in clean water;
It is not necessary to drip means on a plate, better to add it to the sponge.
using a detergent, should adhere to the dosage, specified in the instructions.
It is advisable to change the sponge as often as possible and use funds, having strong bactericidal properties.
Keep cleaning supplies you need in places, from children.
Do not mix detergents, as a result can form toxic substances, affecting the body.
It is therefore desirable to have a means not only for washing dishes, care appliances, but also for cleaning. Let your dishes will always be clean, and its washing pleasant!